Conflict and Post Conflict

ICOS works in conflict and post-conflict zones using Cultural Analysis research to examine the perceptions of local people with regards to their own situation or their attitudes towards the political/security landscape in their country. The unique insight provided by this work is used to gain a true understanding of the reality on the ground and to develop realistic and sustainable policy recommendations.

ICOS has been conducting Cultural Analysis research in Afghanistan since 2005, resulting in the publication of over 35 reports on the situation in the country. Much of the research has focused on military-aged males to determine their susceptibility to supporting or joining insurgent groups and provide a longitudinal assessment to evaluate the effects of international military operations. ICOS has also conducted field research on local perceptions of the war in Iraq, and research to assess the impact of the war on terror in fuelling support for insurgent groups in Somalia.


ReportReport Press Releases

The Taliban are winning the hearts and minds in Southern Afghanistan

14 December 2006

The Taliban are winning the hearts and minds in Southern Afghanistan

British and Canadian governments and their development agencies have abandoned their troops in Afghanistan

Fighting in south set to continue

Destruction of Afghan opium crops has created a chain reaction of violence and poverty
LONDON – The international community is losing the campaign for the hearts and minds of the people of southern Afghanistan and the

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Afghanistan Five Years Later: The Return of the Taliban (September 2006)

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Press Release

Five years after their removal from power: The Taliban are back

Taliban Frontline now cuts half-way through Afghanistan

US and UK led failed counter-narcotics policies are responsible

Humanitarian crisis hits southern Afghanistan – extreme poverty, drought and hundreds of thousands starving in south

After five years, the United States-led international reconstruction mission has failed Afghanistan and its people. An all-military approach and aggressive poppy crop

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Canada in Kandahar: No Peace to Keep – A Case Study of the Military Coalitions in Southern Afghanistan (June 2006)

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Press Release

Canadian troops are paying with their lives for Canada’s adherence to the US government’s failing military and counter-narcotics policies in the Kandahar province of Afghanistan said ICOS, an international security and development think tank. ICOS warned in a Report released today that the US-led counter-terrorist operations under Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and aggressive large-scale crop eradication have significantly contributed to the current war situation that

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Integrated Social Control in Afghanistan Implications for the Licensed Cultivation of Poppy for the Production of Medicines (June 2006)

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Ali Wardak / ICOS

Effective control lies at the very heart of a fully functioning poppy licensing system. This paper presents an analysis of how such control might be attained. It is clear that formal, state governance structures alone are insufficient to propagate effective, nationwide control. Rather, effective control of a poppy licensing system can only be achieved through the integration of traditional, local governance with and

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Afghanistan Insurgency Assessment Report (April 2006)

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The Afghanistan Insurgency Assessment Report, released on 7 April 2006, warns of increased violence in the southern provinces of Helmand, Kandahar and Nangarhar where the majority of foreign troops are deployed.

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Impact Assessment of Crop Eradication in Afghanistan and Lessons Learned from Latin America and Southeast Asia (January 2006)

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This Phase Two paper of the Feasibility Study On Opium Licensing in Afghanistan for the Production of Morphine and Other Essential Medicines assesses the impact of current and future eradication efforts in Afghanistan while drawing parallels with the impact of similar policies already carried out in South East Asian and Latin America. It argues that forced eradication has a devastating effect on Afghanistan’s environment, creates social unrest

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Feasibility Study on Opium Licensing in Afghanistan for the Production of Morphine and Other Essential Medicines (September 2005)

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Press Release

The initial findings in this Feasibility Study mark the first phase of an academic investigation into the methods and implications of licensing opium production in Afghanistan for the production of morphine and other ‘essential medicines’ . The scope and complexity of this undertaking has demanded an examination through the lens of a number of academic disciplines: pharmacology, agriculture, medicine, sociology, politics, economics and law.

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