Conflict and Post Conflict

ICOS works in conflict and post-conflict zones using Cultural Analysis research to examine the perceptions of local people with regards to their own situation or their attitudes towards the political/security landscape in their country. The unique insight provided by this work is used to gain a true understanding of the reality on the ground and to develop realistic and sustainable policy recommendations.

ICOS has been conducting Cultural Analysis research in Afghanistan since 2005, resulting in the publication of over 35 reports on the situation in the country. Much of the research has focused on military-aged males to determine their susceptibility to supporting or joining insurgent groups and provide a longitudinal assessment to evaluate the effects of international military operations. ICOS has also conducted field research on local perceptions of the war in Iraq, and research to assess the impact of the war on terror in fuelling support for insurgent groups in Somalia.


ReportReport Press Releases

Afghan Poppy for Medicine projects – An Economic Case Study

6 February 2008

Taliban entrenched in southern Afghanistan and running parallel governments – Presidential elections impossible if security situation does not dramatically improve

NATO’s political dysfunction means a referral back to UN Security Council is necessary

Afghan people should decide on Poppy for Medicine in referendum
LONDON – With the Taliban entrenched in the south and running parallel governments in several districts, the Afghan state has reached a decision point,

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Report

Recommendations to the Independent Panel on Canada’s Future Role in Afghanistan (December 2007)

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The Independent Panel on Canada’s Future Role in Afghanistan was asked to investigate different options for Canada’s future policy towards Afghanistan, including the option of troop withdrawal. In this submission, ICOS would like to argue that withdrawal is not an option. Leaving the country would be a national tragedy for both Afghanistan and Canada. Instead, with its key role on Afghanistan, Canada should take leadership on the

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Report

Stumbling into chaos: Afghanistan on the brink (November 2007)

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Press Release

The security situation in Afghanistan has reached crisis proportions. The Taliban’s ability to establish a presence throughout the country is now proven beyond doubt; exclusive research undertaken by ICOS Afghanistan indicates that 54 per cent of Afghanistan’s landmass hosts a permanent Taliban presence, primarily in southern Afghanistan, and is subject to frequent hostile activity by the insurgency.

The Taliban are the de facto governing authority

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ReportReport Press Releases

Stumbling into chaos: Afghanistan on the brink

21 November 2007

Afghanistan in danger of becoming a divided state: Taliban now controls vast swathes of unchallenged territory in Afghanistan

NATO ground troop force size should be doubled to 80,000

Military moves into Pakistan necessary

Combat Aid units should be formed, with military to deliver aid in the South
LONDON – ICOS on Wednesday called on NATO’s troop force size to be doubled to 80,000 after its new security

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Events

Ottawa Simulation Game (24 September 2007)

ICOS organised “Afghanistan, a Way out of War?”, a simulated peace negotiations event in Ottawa involving mock cross-party peace talks to find a political solution to the crisis situation in Afghanistan.

This simulation, developed by Partizan Publik, Clingendael and ICOS aims to develop the idea of, and instruments for, a political solution to Afghanistan’s challenges. It will also provide insights into the complexity of the political situation, including the

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Report

Peace in Afghanistan – Made in Canada (September 2007)

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Press Release

A companion report to the Peace Talks Simulation Game Afghanistan: A Way Out Of War?

Participants of the simulation game were divided into diplomatic teams representing Afghanistan, Canada, Pakistan, the Taliban and the United States in the context of multilateral talks and debates, aiming to produce a hypothetical resolution to end the war in Afghanistan.

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ReportReport Press Releases

Peace in Afghanistan – Made in Canada

24 September 2007

The Canadian Government must develop “Fast Track” approach to Peace in Afghanistan

Emergency NATO meeting required to Adopt New Hearts and Minds strategy

Canada must take leadership in supporting President Karzai on a peace process for Afghanistan and opposition to Chemical Spraying of Afghan Farmland
OTTAWA – ICOS on Monday called on the Canadian Government to develop a ‘Fast Track’ approach to peace and stability in Afghanistan.

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